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Chapter 7 – Conservation of Plants and Animals

The following Topics and Sub-Topics are covered in this chapter and are available on MSVgo:

Introduction

You may have come across frequent news of the distraught state of our planet in the form of wildfires gushing forests and decimating wildlife. It is one of the deforestation causes. 

The life on this planet is created in a manner that is interconnected with the environment. It is harmoniously hospitable until it is balanced. But if the natural ecosystem is disturbed due to deforestation and its causes, life on earth would gradually become impossible. Therefore, the conservation of forest and wildlife is significant for the sustainability of the human race.

Deforestation is the process of clearing of forests for using the area for other purposes. A significant point about deforestation and its causes is that it can be natural as well as man-made. 

  • It is done mainly to use the land for building infrastructures for businesses and cultivation of crops. 
  • Deforestation also occurs due to natural causes. Some of them are wildfires and severe drought.

Deforestation has gradual effects on the environment. 

  • It leads to a surge in the level of air pollution in the atmosphere. The quality of air that the masses breathe deteriorates, leading to several respiratory illnesses. 
  • Groundwater level diminishes as well. Due to the low level of groundwater resources, the amount of rainfall gets affected too. The decrease in rains affects the fertility and utility of the soil. The same leads to soil erosion. 
  • Fewer amounts of trees on the earth equal lesser utilisation of carbon dioxide for photosynthesis. It results in excessive carbon dioxide in the air. This is the primary reason for global warming because carbon dioxide retains the heat rays of the Sun reflected by the earth. The increase in temperature results in decreased rainfall for more extended periods. This eventually leads to droughts and lastly, famine. 

So, the consequences of deforestation are grave and long-standing. 

Some of the ways of conserving plants and animals are mentioned below – 

  • Wildlife sanctuary

Wildlife sanctuaries are naturally simulated forest reserves that are protected for the conservation of wildlife of that particular forest. In wildlife sanctuaries, animals are provided with their natural habitat to enable them to sustain, as they would in the wild. These places are built in a manner that no human activity hinders wildlife and threatens their survival. 

In India, one can spot wildlife in their natural abode in Nagarahole National Park in Karnataka, Satpura National Park in Madhya Pradesh, or Keoladeo National Park in Rajasthan. 

  • National park

They are large reserves that conserve a whole set of ecosystems. They protect the flora and fauna, landscape, and elements of historical significance in a particular region. Some of the known national parks in India are Corbett National Park, Kaziranga National Park, etc. 

  • Red Data Book

It is a set of data that comprises all the endangered species of animals and plants. An international organisation maintains a Red Data Book to record the data of endangered animals and plants across the globe. It helps in keeping track of the endemic species of a particular region. 

Some of plants and animals that are endangered around the world are – 

  • The Dhole – An Asian wild dog; it is at the top of the list, and is on the verge of extinction.
  • Black Rhino
  • American Bison
  • Blue-Throated Macaw
  • Pitcher Plant
  • Jellyfish Pree  

 

  • Recycling of paper

It takes 17 fully matured trees to produce one tonne of paper. Due to the rapid destruction of forested resources of the planet, there is a desperate need for recycling of paper and paper products. It is one of the best ways of conservation of forests. 

Apart from recycling, substitutes need to be found to produce paper. For example, the company Loving Earth has innovated its packaging to promote conservation and sustainability. They use Econic, a biodegradable film for its packaging needs. 

  • Reforestation

It is the restoration of the destroyed forests by planting new ones. It takes place naturally, as well. It is the only option to retain our wealth of natural resources like forests.

The Amazon Rainforest in Brazil, due to more than 17% loss in vegetation and land area in the last 50 years, has taken an urgent measure of reforestation. It is now focused on a 6-year tree planting initiative. It aims to plant around 73 million trees by 2023, making it one of the largest tree planting programs in tropical forests.   

There are biosphere reserves as well that are created with the intention of driving solutions to conserve the biodiversity of our ecosystems. 

Due to the rampant destruction of forests and wildlife, it is the need of the hour to take measures on a global scale for conservation. In the last couple of decades, the prevalence of wildfires and the extinction of exotic endemic species of animals or birds who tend to undertake migration have become widespread. 

Global Government agencies, along with the help of media and other ways of communication, have been working relentlessly to spread awareness about the urgency of the dire situation.

1. Why is the conservation of plants and animals important?

Conservation of plants and animals is essential to create a sustainable life for the present and future generations. 

2. What is the meaning of conservation of plants?

Conservation of plants means protecting all the plant species of the planet. 

3. How can we protect and conserve plants and animals?

We can conserve plants and animals by –  

  • Preventing deforestation.
  • Erecting stricter penalties for poaching.
  • Criminalising killing of animals for commercial purposes, etc. 

4. Why do we need plant conservation?

We need plant conservation for a number of reasons including – 

  • Prevention of global warming.
  • Protecting the rich and wide variety of millions of species inhabiting the environment.
  • Prevention of desertification. 
  • It helps in purifying the air we breathe. 
  • It helps in maintaining the balance in our ecosystems. 

5. What is the importance of conservation?

Conservation is critical to address in present times since the destruction of our ecosystem has become rampant, and it calls for immediate action. If ignored, the damages could be irreparable and could threaten life on this planet. 

Detailed conceptual explanations about the topic along with real-world examples can be found under the extensive video library of the MSVgo app. It helps in enlightening young minds about the grave impacts and information about deforestation and its causes.

High School Physics

  • Alternating Current
  • Atoms
  • Communication Systems
  • Current Electricity
  • Dual nature of Radiation and Matter
  • Electric Charges and Fields
  • Electricity
  • Electromagnetic Induction
  • Electromagnetic Waves
  • Electron Beams and Radioactivity
  • Electrons and Photons
  • Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
  • Fluid Pressure
  • Force and Acceleration
  • Force And Laws Of Motion
  • Gravitation
  • Internal Energy
  • Kinetic Theory
  • Law of motion
  • Light – Reflection And Refraction
  • Magnetic Effects Of Electric Current
  • Magnetism and Matter
  • Management Of Natural Resources
  • Mechanical properties of Fluids
  • Mechanical properties of Solids
  • Motion
  • Motion in a plane
  • Motion in a straight line
  • Moving Charges and Magnetism
  • Nuclear Energy
  • Nuclei
  • Oscillations
  • Our Environment
  • Paths of Heat
  • Physical world
  • Ray optics and optical instruments
  • Semiconductor Devices
  • Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
  • Simple Machines
  • Sound
  • Sources Of Energy
  • Specific and Latent Heats
  • Spherical Mirrors
  • Static Electricity
  • Systems of Particles and Rotational motion
  • Thermal properties of matter
  • Thermodynamics
  • Units and Measurement
  • Vectors, Scalar Quantities and Elementary Calculus
  • Wave Optics
  • Waves
  • Work, Power and Energy

High School Chemistry

  • Acids, Bases and Salts
  • Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  • Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
  • Aliphatic and Aromatic Hydrocarbons
  • Alkyl and Aryl Halides
  • Amines
  • Analytical Chemistry 
  • Atomic Structure
  • Atoms And Molecules
  • Basic concepts of Chemistry
  • Biomolecules
  • Carbon And Its Compounds
  • Carboxylic acids and Acid Derivatives
  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structures
  • Chemical Energetics
  • Chemical Equilibria
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Chemical Reactions And Equations
  • Chemical Reactions and Their Mechanisms
  • Chemistry in Everyday Life
  • Chemistry of p-Block elements
  • Chemistry of Transition and Inner Transition
  • Classification of Elements
  • Coordination Compounds
  • Cyanide, Isocyanide, Nitro compounds and Amines
  • Electrochemistry
  • Electrolysis
  • Elements, Compounds and Mixtures
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Equilibrium
  • Ethers and Carbonyl compounds
  • Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Hydrogen
  • Ideal solutions
  • Introduction to Organic Chemistry
  • Ionic equilibria
  • Matter
  • Matter Around Us
  • Matter In Our Surroundings
  • Metallurgy
  • Metals And Non-Metals
  • Mole Concept and Stoichiometry
  • Natural Resources
  • Organic Chemistry – Basic Principles
  • Periodic Classification of Elements
  • Physical and Chemical Changes
  • Physical and Chemical Properties of Water
  • Polymers
  • Preparation, Properties and Uses of Compounds
  • Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
  • Redox Reactions
  • Relative Molecular Mass and Mole
  • States of Matter
  • Structure Of The Atom
  • Study of Compounds
  • Study of Gas Laws
  • Study of Representative Elements
  • Surface Chemistry
  • The d-block and f-block elements
  • The Gaseous State
  • The p-Block Elements
  • The Periodic Table
  • The s-Block Elements
  • The Solid State
  • Thermodynamics

High School Biology

  • Absorption and Movement of Water in Plants
  • Adolescent Issues
  • Anatomy of Flowering Plants
  • Animal Kingdom
  • Bacteria and Fungi-Friends and Foe
  • Biodiversity and Conservation
  • Biofertilizers
  • Biological Classification
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomolecules
  • Biotechnology and its Applications
  • Biotic Community
  • Body Fluids and Circulation
  • Breathing and Exchange of Gases
  • Cell – Unit of Life
  • Cell Cycle and Cell Division
  • Cell Division and Structure of Chromosomes
  • Cell Reproduction
  • Cellular Respiration
  • Chemical Coordination and Integration
  • Circulation
  • Control And Coordination
  • Crop Improvement
  • Digestion and Absorption
  • Diversity In Living Organisms
  • Ecosystem
  • Environmental Issues
  • Excretory Products and their Elimination
  • Flowering Plants
  • Genes and Chromosomes
  • Health and Diseases
  • Health and Its Significance
  • Heredity And Evolution
  • Heredity and Variation
  • How Do Organisms Reproduce?
  • Human Diseases
  • Human Eye And Colourful World
  • Human Health and Disease
  • Human Population
  • Human Reproduction
  • Hygiene
  • Improvement In Food Resources
  • Integumentary System- Skin
  • Kingdom Fungi
  • Kingdom Monera
  • Kingdom Protista
  • Life Processes
  • Locomotion and Movement
  • Microbes in Human Welfare
  • Mineral Nutrition
  • Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  • Morphology of Flowering Plants
  • Neural Control And Coordination
  • Nutrition in Human Beings
  • Organism and Population
  • Photosynthesis
  • Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
  • Plant Growth and Development
  • Plant Kingdom
  • Pollination and Fertilization
  • Pollution; Sources and its effects
  • Principles of Inheritance and Variation
  • Reproduction and Development in Angiosperms
  • Reproduction in Organisms
  • Reproductive Health
  • Respiration in Human Beings
  • Respiration in Plants
  • Respiratory System
  • Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
  • Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
  • Structural Organisation in Animals
  • Structural Organisation of the Cell
  • The Endocrine System
  • The Fundamental Unit Of Life
  • The Living World
  • The Nervous System and Sense Organs
  • Tissues
  • Transpiration
  • Transport in Plants

High School Math

  • Algebra – Arithmatic Progressions
  • Algebra – Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
  • Algebra – Linear Inequalities
  • Algebra – Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
  • Algebra – Polynomials
  • Algebra – Principle of Mathematical Induction
  • Algebra – Quadratic Equations
  • Binomial Theorem
  • Calculus – Applications of Derivatives
  • Calculus – Applications of the Integrals
  • Calculus – Continuity and Differentiability
  • Calculus – Differential Equations
  • Calculus – Integrals
  • Geometry – Area
  • Geometry – Circles
  • Geometry – Conic Sections
  • Geometry – Constructions
  • Geometry – Introduction to Euclid’s Geometry
  • Geometry – Three-dimensional Geometry
  • Geometry – Lines and Angles
  • Geometry – Quadrilaterals
  • Geometry – Straight Lines
  • Geometry – Triangles
  • Linear Programming
  • Matrices and Determinants
  • Mensuration – Areas
  • Mensuration – Surface Areas and Volumes
  • Number Systems
  • Number Systems – Real Numbers
  • Permutations and Combinations
  • Probability
  • Sequence and Series
  • Sets and Functions
  • Statistics 
  • Trignometry – Height and Distance
  • Trignometry – Identities
  • Trignometry – Introduction

Middle School Science

  • Acids, Bases And Salts
  • Air and Its Constituents
  • Basic Biology
  • Body Movements
  • Carbon and Its Compounds
  • Cell – Structure And Functions
  • Changes Around Us
  • Chemical Effects Of Electric Current
  • Chemistry in Your Life
  • Coal And Petroleum
  • Combustion And Flame
  • Components Of Food
  • Conservation Of Plants And Animals
  • Crop Production And Management
  • Electric Current And Its Effects
  • Electricity And Circuits
  • Elements and Compounds
  • Fibre To Fabric
  • Food production and management
  • Force And Pressure
  • Forests: Our Lifeline
  • Friction
  • Fun With Magnets
  • Garbage In, Garbage Out
  • Getting To Know Plants
  • Health and Hygiene
  • Heat
  • Hydrogen
  • Life Processes: Nutrition in Animals and Plants
  • Light, Shadows And Reflections
  • Materials: Metals And Non-Metals
  • Matter and Its States
  • Metals and Non-metals
  • Micro Organisms: Friend And Foe
  • Motion And Measurement Of Distances
  • Motion And Time
  • Nutrition In Animals
  • Nutrition In Plants
  • Organization in Living Things
  • Our Environment
  • Physical And Chemical Changes
  • Pollution and conservation
  • Pollution Of Air And Water
  • Reaching The Age Of Adolescence
  • Reproduction In Animals
  • Reproduction In Plants
  • Respiration In Organisms
  • Rocks and Minerals
  • Separation Of Substances
  • Simple Machines
  • Soil
  • Some Natural Phenomena
  • Sorting Materials Into Groups
  • Sound
  • Stars And The Solar System
  • Structure of Atom
  • Synthetic Fibers And Plastics
  • The Living Organisms And Their Surroundings
  • Transfer of Heat
  • Transformation of Substances
  • Transportation In Animals And Plants
  • Universe
  • Waste-water Story
  • Water: A Precious Resource
  • Weather, Climate And Adaptations Of Animals To Climate
  • Winds, Storms And Cyclones

Middle School Math

  • Addition
  • Area and Its Boundary
  • Boxes and Sketches
  • Data Handling
  • Fun With Numbers
  • Heavy and Light
  • How Many
  • Long And Short
  • Mapping
  • Measurement
  • Money
  • Multiplication and Factors
  • Multiply and Divide
  • Numbers
  • Parts and Wholes
  • Pattern Recognition
  • Patterns
  • Play With Patterns
  • Rupees And Paise
  • Shapes And Angles
  • Shapes And Designs
  • Shapes and Space
  • Similarity
  • Smart Charts
  • Squares
  • Subtraction
  • Tables And Shares
  • Tenths and Hundredths
  • Time
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