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Chapter 7 – Getting to Know Plants

The following Topics and Sub-Topics are covered in this chapter and are available on MSVgo:


Look around, and you will see plants that are both big and small. Getting to know plants is essential for us. They support us in sustaining life on earth by giving us food and also by providing oxygen to breathe. They come in various shapes and sizes. Most of them have green leaves. Some of the plants have woody trunks, while some others have soft stems. Plants may be different, but they are very essential to us. 

Plants are fixed living organisms which can be found all around us. They produce their own food, and so are called primary food providers. Being essentially green in colour, they utilise sunlight as the source of energy to produce their own food.

Getting To Know Plants Herbs Shrubs And Trees 

Plants can be divided into three broad categories which include herbs, shrubs and trees.

Herbs, Shrubs and Trees

  • Herbs are those plants which are the smallest and do not have woody stems.
  • Shrubs are plants which are a little bigger than herbs.
  • Trees are big in size and are the biggest type of plants. They have stems which are thick and woody.

There are different parts of a plant. Some of them are found above the soil while some are below the soil. The parts of the plants are stem, leaf, flower, roots, seed and roots. They are mentioned below:-


The main part of the plant is the stem. 

  • The stem has various functions. 
  •  It provides the plant with structural support.
  •  It also helps in the transport of water, food and minerals. 
  • The leaves, as well as the branches, arise from the stem.
  • Stems can be of various types which include the bulb, tree and also thorns. Bulbs are fleshy like that of onion. A woody stem is found in a tree with the main trunk. Thorns are round and pointed like that in a hawthorn.


Another most significant part of the plant is the leaf. A leaf is the plant organ which is above the ground. It performs functions of photosynthesis and exchange of carbon dioxide for oxygen. Being flat in structure, it can absorb maximum sunlight. 

  • It performs one of the most important functions for plants. 
  • Most leaves of the plants are generally green in colour. 
  • They have different shapes as well as sizes of leaves.
  • There are various parts of a leaf. 
  • They are attached to the stem through the petiole. 
  • The broad, as well as the green part of the leaf, is known as the lamina. 
  • The veins are the midrib of the plant. 


A reproductive part of a plant is the flower. 

  • The single function of a flower is that it serves the reproduction process. 
  • The different parts of a plant are four in number. 
  • The parts include the petals, the sepals, female style and the male stigma.


Another part of the plant which is found under the soil is the root. The functions of the roots are:

  • It gives support to the plant. 
  • The root also receives the water as well as minerals.
  • They also store the food for the plants.

Kinds of roots

There are broadly two kinds of roots which includes taproot as well as the fibrous root. 

  • Taproots are those that are seen in trees and shrubs. 
  • In herbs, the fibrous roots are found.

Examples of taproots are carrot and dandelions. 

Example of fibrous roots is grass.


The enclosed and the dormant embryo of a plant is the root. We get seeds in the fruits which when planted, we get a new plant.

Plants are primary food providers. They produce their own food. They have a unique system like the photosynthesis, which they follow to produce their own food through sunlight. They provide greenery around us. They are the basic lifeline which provides us with food and oxygen. They have medicinal values and also purify the air. So getting to know plants calls for measures to grow plants and conserve them as well.

1. What are plants for Class 6?

Ans: Plants provide food, and we breathe as they release oxygen into the air. They are primary food producers, and their various parts are the stem, leaf root, seed and flower.

Based on these features, most plants can be classified into three categories: herbs, shrubs and trees.

2. What are the parts of plants? 

Ans: The various parts of the plant are the stem, leaf root, seed and flower.

3. What are veins in plants Class 6? 

Ans: The small lines which are present on the leaf are known as its vein. They help to transport water as well as minerals throughout the leaf. The thick vein, which is in the middle of the leaf, is known as the midrib.

4. What are the 3 things we already know about plants? 

Ans: The three things that we know about plants are as follows:-

  1. Plants produce their own food with the help of sunlight.
  2. Plants are of three types: herbs, shrubs and trees.
  3. Plants give out oxygen that we breathe.

5. What are the 7 things plants need to grow? 

Ans: Plants require sunlight, water, nutrients, air, the perfect temperature, time, and room to grow.

6. What are the 3 things we already know about plants or plant cells?

Ans: They are as follows:-

  1. Plant cells are eukaryotic, that means they have a definite nucleus. 
  2. Plant cells contain three different structures.
  3. Plant cells are distinct from other eukaryotes, like the animal cells with a cell wall, plastids, and vacuoles.

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High School Physics

  • Alternating Current
  • Atoms
  • Communication Systems
  • Current Electricity
  • Dual nature of Radiation and Matter
  • Electric Charges and Fields
  • Electricity
  • Electromagnetic Induction
  • Electromagnetic Waves
  • Electron Beams and Radioactivity
  • Electrons and Photons
  • Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
  • Fluid Pressure
  • Force and Acceleration
  • Force And Laws Of Motion
  • Gravitation
  • Internal Energy
  • Kinetic Theory
  • Law of motion
  • Light – Reflection And Refraction
  • Magnetic Effects Of Electric Current
  • Magnetism and Matter
  • Management Of Natural Resources
  • Mechanical properties of Fluids
  • Mechanical properties of Solids
  • Motion
  • Motion in a plane
  • Motion in a straight line
  • Moving Charges and Magnetism
  • Nuclear Energy
  • Nuclei
  • Oscillations
  • Our Environment
  • Paths of Heat
  • Physical world
  • Ray optics and optical instruments
  • Semiconductor Devices
  • Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
  • Simple Machines
  • Sound
  • Sources Of Energy
  • Specific and Latent Heats
  • Spherical Mirrors
  • Static Electricity
  • Systems of Particles and Rotational motion
  • Thermal properties of matter
  • Thermodynamics
  • Units and Measurement
  • Vectors, Scalar Quantities and Elementary Calculus
  • Wave Optics
  • Waves
  • Work, Power and Energy

High School Chemistry

  • Acids, Bases and Salts
  • Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  • Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
  • Aliphatic and Aromatic Hydrocarbons
  • Alkyl and Aryl Halides
  • Amines
  • Analytical Chemistry 
  • Atomic Structure
  • Atoms And Molecules
  • Basic concepts of Chemistry
  • Biomolecules
  • Carbon And Its Compounds
  • Carboxylic acids and Acid Derivatives
  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structures
  • Chemical Energetics
  • Chemical Equilibria
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Chemical Reactions And Equations
  • Chemical Reactions and Their Mechanisms
  • Chemistry in Everyday Life
  • Chemistry of p-Block elements
  • Chemistry of Transition and Inner Transition
  • Classification of Elements
  • Coordination Compounds
  • Cyanide, Isocyanide, Nitro compounds and Amines
  • Electrochemistry
  • Electrolysis
  • Elements, Compounds and Mixtures
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Equilibrium
  • Ethers and Carbonyl compounds
  • Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Hydrogen
  • Ideal solutions
  • Introduction to Organic Chemistry
  • Ionic equilibria
  • Matter
  • Matter Around Us
  • Matter In Our Surroundings
  • Metallurgy
  • Metals And Non-Metals
  • Mole Concept and Stoichiometry
  • Natural Resources
  • Organic Chemistry – Basic Principles
  • Periodic Classification of Elements
  • Physical and Chemical Changes
  • Physical and Chemical Properties of Water
  • Polymers
  • Preparation, Properties and Uses of Compounds
  • Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
  • Redox Reactions
  • Relative Molecular Mass and Mole
  • States of Matter
  • Structure Of The Atom
  • Study of Compounds
  • Study of Gas Laws
  • Study of Representative Elements
  • Surface Chemistry
  • The d-block and f-block elements
  • The Gaseous State
  • The p-Block Elements
  • The Periodic Table
  • The s-Block Elements
  • The Solid State
  • Thermodynamics

High School Biology

  • Absorption and Movement of Water in Plants
  • Adolescent Issues
  • Anatomy of Flowering Plants
  • Animal Kingdom
  • Bacteria and Fungi-Friends and Foe
  • Biodiversity and Conservation
  • Biofertilizers
  • Biological Classification
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomolecules
  • Biotechnology and its Applications
  • Biotic Community
  • Body Fluids and Circulation
  • Breathing and Exchange of Gases
  • Cell – Unit of Life
  • Cell Cycle and Cell Division
  • Cell Division and Structure of Chromosomes
  • Cell Reproduction
  • Cellular Respiration
  • Chemical Coordination and Integration
  • Circulation
  • Control And Coordination
  • Crop Improvement
  • Digestion and Absorption
  • Diversity In Living Organisms
  • Ecosystem
  • Environmental Issues
  • Excretory Products and their Elimination
  • Flowering Plants
  • Genes and Chromosomes
  • Health and Diseases
  • Health and Its Significance
  • Heredity And Evolution
  • Heredity and Variation
  • How Do Organisms Reproduce?
  • Human Diseases
  • Human Eye And Colourful World
  • Human Health and Disease
  • Human Population
  • Human Reproduction
  • Hygiene
  • Improvement In Food Resources
  • Integumentary System- Skin
  • Kingdom Fungi
  • Kingdom Monera
  • Kingdom Protista
  • Life Processes
  • Locomotion and Movement
  • Microbes in Human Welfare
  • Mineral Nutrition
  • Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  • Morphology of Flowering Plants
  • Neural Control And Coordination
  • Nutrition in Human Beings
  • Organism and Population
  • Photosynthesis
  • Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
  • Plant Growth and Development
  • Plant Kingdom
  • Pollination and Fertilization
  • Pollution; Sources and its effects
  • Principles of Inheritance and Variation
  • Reproduction and Development in Angiosperms
  • Reproduction in Organisms
  • Reproductive Health
  • Respiration in Human Beings
  • Respiration in Plants
  • Respiratory System
  • Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
  • Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
  • Structural Organisation in Animals
  • Structural Organisation of the Cell
  • The Endocrine System
  • The Fundamental Unit Of Life
  • The Living World
  • The Nervous System and Sense Organs
  • Tissues
  • Transpiration
  • Transport in Plants

High School Math

  • Algebra – Arithmatic Progressions
  • Algebra – Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
  • Algebra – Linear Inequalities
  • Algebra – Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
  • Algebra – Polynomials
  • Algebra – Principle of Mathematical Induction
  • Algebra – Quadratic Equations
  • Binomial Theorem
  • Calculus – Applications of Derivatives
  • Calculus – Applications of the Integrals
  • Calculus – Continuity and Differentiability
  • Calculus – Differential Equations
  • Calculus – Integrals
  • Geometry – Area
  • Geometry – Circles
  • Geometry – Conic Sections
  • Geometry – Constructions
  • Geometry – Introduction to Euclid’s Geometry
  • Geometry – Three-dimensional Geometry
  • Geometry – Lines and Angles
  • Geometry – Quadrilaterals
  • Geometry – Straight Lines
  • Geometry – Triangles
  • Linear Programming
  • Matrices and Determinants
  • Mensuration – Areas
  • Mensuration – Surface Areas and Volumes
  • Number Systems
  • Number Systems – Real Numbers
  • Permutations and Combinations
  • Probability
  • Sequence and Series
  • Sets and Functions
  • Statistics 
  • Trignometry – Height and Distance
  • Trignometry – Identities
  • Trignometry – Introduction

Middle School Science

  • Acids, Bases And Salts
  • Air and Its Constituents
  • Basic Biology
  • Body Movements
  • Carbon and Its Compounds
  • Cell – Structure And Functions
  • Changes Around Us
  • Chemical Effects Of Electric Current
  • Chemistry in Your Life
  • Coal And Petroleum
  • Combustion And Flame
  • Components Of Food
  • Conservation Of Plants And Animals
  • Crop Production And Management
  • Electric Current And Its Effects
  • Electricity And Circuits
  • Elements and Compounds
  • Fibre To Fabric
  • Food production and management
  • Force And Pressure
  • Forests: Our Lifeline
  • Friction
  • Fun With Magnets
  • Garbage In, Garbage Out
  • Getting To Know Plants
  • Health and Hygiene
  • Heat
  • Hydrogen
  • Life Processes: Nutrition in Animals and Plants
  • Light, Shadows And Reflections
  • Materials: Metals And Non-Metals
  • Matter and Its States
  • Metals and Non-metals
  • Micro Organisms: Friend And Foe
  • Motion And Measurement Of Distances
  • Motion And Time
  • Nutrition In Animals
  • Nutrition In Plants
  • Organization in Living Things
  • Our Environment
  • Physical And Chemical Changes
  • Pollution and conservation
  • Pollution Of Air And Water
  • Reaching The Age Of Adolescence
  • Reproduction In Animals
  • Reproduction In Plants
  • Respiration In Organisms
  • Rocks and Minerals
  • Separation Of Substances
  • Simple Machines
  • Soil
  • Some Natural Phenomena
  • Sorting Materials Into Groups
  • Sound
  • Stars And The Solar System
  • Structure of Atom
  • Synthetic Fibers And Plastics
  • The Living Organisms And Their Surroundings
  • Transfer of Heat
  • Transformation of Substances
  • Transportation In Animals And Plants
  • Universe
  • Waste-water Story
  • Water: A Precious Resource
  • Weather, Climate And Adaptations Of Animals To Climate
  • Winds, Storms And Cyclones

Middle School Math

  • Addition
  • Area and Its Boundary
  • Boxes and Sketches
  • Data Handling
  • Fun With Numbers
  • Heavy and Light
  • How Many
  • Long And Short
  • Mapping
  • Measurement
  • Money
  • Multiplication and Factors
  • Multiply and Divide
  • Numbers
  • Parts and Wholes
  • Pattern Recognition
  • Patterns
  • Play With Patterns
  • Rupees And Paise
  • Shapes And Angles
  • Shapes And Designs
  • Shapes and Space
  • Similarity
  • Smart Charts
  • Squares
  • Subtraction
  • Tables And Shares
  • Tenths and Hundredths
  • Time
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