Organisms that can process all the biological processes are called living organisms. We can see organisms in our surroundings such as plants, dogs, cats, birds, fish, etc. There are many unique types of plants and animals living in the seas and the deserts. Let us talk about two main animals inhabiting these regions: the fish and camel.
Living Organisms Class 6 Science Chapter 9- Description of the chapter and topics covered in it
The camel's body structure helps it endure the harsh desert conditions. Its long legs help keep its body away from the warmth of sand. They do not sweat, drink less water and can go very long without water.
The body structure of fish is shallow and streamlined, which allows them to swim effortlessly. Fish have greasy scales, which aid in relaxed movement through the water. Fish can live in salty seawater. With the help of very small examples, you can now learn that the body structure of an animal depends on their habitat.
Animals have some features that help them live in any condition. For example, different animals adapted according to their environment. But this adaptation does not take place in a short period; it takes many years for an animal to get familiar with their habitat. Animals which are not able to adapt themselves die. The consequence is the diversity of organisms existing in different habitats.
Habitat is a term that refers to the environments where an organism lives such that their living life depends on water, food, air, and shelter. Habitat is a dwelling place for animals, including nonliving and living components. A variety of animals and plants have the same habitat and have dissimilar topographies that help them survive in their habitat.
There are two main types of habitats in Living Organisms Class 6 Science Chapter 9: terrestrial habitat and aquatic habitat.
Terrestrial habitat - Terrestrial habitats include land and mainly have four types: forests, grassland, deserts, shorelines, and wetlands. Terrestrial habitat also includes artificial habitats like farm services. Both plants and animals are influenced by moisture because it is present in soil or comes down as rain or snow. Examples of terrestrial habitat plants are mesophyte, xerophyte, etc., and examples of terrestrial animals are birds, camels, ants, earthworms and many more.
Aquatic habitat - Aquatic animals live under water, in aquatic (underwater) habitats. These habitats include floodplains, wetlands, estuaries, pools, lakes, and oceans.
All living things in a habitat come under the biotic components. And all non-living things come under abiotic components of the habitat. And the abiotic components are very important and useful for the survival of the biotic components. Examples of biotic components are animals and plants, and the example abiotic components are rocks, soil, water, etc.
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