Anatomy is the part of botany that mainly deals with the study of plants. Anatomy of Flowering Plants Class 11 NCERT is concerned with plant anatomy, focusing on the structural components and systems that comprise a plant.
A typical plant body consists of three major vegetative organs – roots, stems, and leaves – and a set of reproductive parts – flowers, fruits, and seeds. Anatomy involves distributing a flowering plant into different sections to study its internal composition. It helps anatomists carefully analyze and understand the plant’s functioning.
Roots: Roots are mostly found underground. Aerial roots are those that emerge above ground. Some plants have adaptive roots to provide additional support. Buttress roots fall in this category.
Stem: In botany, the stem is the plant axis that carries buds, shoots with leaves, and roots at its base. The stem transports water, minerals, and food to other sections of the plant; it may also store food, and green stems create food themselves.
Leaves: A leaf is the lateral attachment of the vascular plant stem. Leaves are usually born above the ground and mainly perform photosynthesis. The initial stage of photosynthesis starts here.