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Chapter 14 – Management of Natural Resources

The following Topics and Sub-Topics are covered in this chapter and are available on MSVgo:


You must have heard about the management of natural resources, as it is one of the hot topics of discussion on various platforms. The reason behind this is that most of the natural resources available freely to us are exhaustible. Since humans have started thoughtlessly using them, the amount available in nature has started decreasing. Let us dig deep into sustainable management of natural resources, and cover all aspects of managing natural resources more sustainably. 

The 3 simple steps that you must have heard for better utilisation of the natural resources are:

i. Reduce:

It implies decreasing the   excessive or wasteful use of natural resources, such as switching off electrical devices when not in use to save energy, fixing leaky faucets to save water, taking lesser quantities of food at a time to avoid wastage, and so on.

ii. Recycle:

It implies producing materials that can be recycled easily, such as paper, glass, metals, or even plastics. Such wastes are generally requested to be dumped separately, to send them for recycling. Every place should have a mechanism for recycling materials.

iii. Reuse:

A certain amount of energy is needed for recycling materials, but when you implement the strategy of reusing things, instead of throwing them and creating more waste, it is  a significant step towards saving resources. Some things which can be reused include envelopes, glass  bottles, and so on.

When we are aware of the impact of our small everyday actions on Earth, we will be able to understand the need for adopting sustainable management of natural resources.

Everything we use in our day to day lives is obtained using the resources of the earth. It is only the energy that is obtained from outside, i.e., the sunlight, which is processed by living organisms to sustain themselves and produce food. 

Here are the reasons why natural resource management is needed:

  • Rapid increase in the human population is creating tremendous pressure on the natural resources, which are depleting quickly. This makes it important to stop exploiting them for short term gains.
  • If we keep using the resources mindlessly, there will be none left for our future generations. A point will come when there won’t be any equitable distribution of resources, only the rich will be able to afford them.
  • Damage is caused to the environment during the process of natural resource extraction. For example, during metal extraction, a huge amount of slag is discarded per tonne of metal extracted. This requires the safe disposal of the wastes for sustainable resource management.

Ecological stability is affected negatively when there is a loss in the biodiversity hotspots, i.e. the forests and wildlife. All of us are directly or indirectly dependent on forest resources. Some of the stakeholders in forest conservation are:

  • People living in close proximity to the forests depend on forest products for various purposes.
  • Controlling authorities of the forest department of governments are in-charge of the forest resources.
  • Industrialists who are not directly dependent on the forests, but they use the resources to make various products- from bidis to papers.
  • Environmentalists who aim at conserving the forests and wildlife in their natural form.

Among all the 4 stakeholders mentioned above, only nature and wildlife enthusiasts play a major role in conserving the natural environment. This is evident from the institutionalisation of the ‘Amrita Devi Bishnoi National Award for Wildlife Conservation’ by the Govt. of India. It is in the memory of Amrita Devi Bishnoi, who sacrificed her life for the protection of Khejri trees in Khejarli village of Jodhpur in the year 1731.

  • Dam construction-environmental impact:

Dams are built for irrigation and electricity generation. The canal system helps in transferring water to large distances, and ensure greenery in surrounding areas. But the lack of proper management has resulted in unequal water distribution.

Main issues caused by large dams include:

i. Loss of biodiversity and deforestation.

ii. Equivalent benefits are not generated, despite the expenses of building them being high.

iii. Many local people are displaced without enough compensation and rehabilitation.

  • Coal and petroleum extraction and their impact on the environment:

The industrial revolution led to  increased use of coal and petroleum products for energy production to produce daily use goods. Since biomass degradation has resulted in the formation of these two products, they would deplete in the near future even if we use them thoughtfully.

Also, you should know that these are not clean energy resources, and  burning them leads to air pollution through the formation of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide. This has resulted in a significant increase in global warming.

Some changes in our regular use  of natural resource can help us in successfully managing them:

Water harvesting:

This is done for enhancing the production of biomass through scientific methods of conserving soil and water. It aims at developing land and water resources for procuring secondary resources of animals and plants, such that an ecological balance is maintained.

Its benefits:

i. Increase in income.

ii. Efficient management of droughts and floods.

iii. Enhanced life of downstream dam and reservoir.

Some of the indigenous water-saving practices that ensure water for all and avoid over-exploitation of natural resources are as follows:

i. Digging out small lakes and pits, and implementing simple watershed systems.

ii. Building earthen dams.

iii. Construction of dykes and reservoirs using sand and limestone.

iv. Rooftop water collection systems are quite beneficial for collecting rainwater to make sure that there is usable water for all.

i. We must always opt for biodegradable options to avoid harmful waste generation. This includes the need to minimise the use of plastics which are used almost everywhere today.

ii. Switch to cleaner and renewable energy sources; such as hydropower, wind energy, and solar power, and reduce the dependency on coal, petroleum, and natural gas.

iii. Ensuring protection of biodiversity during dam construction, through the creation of wildlife centres and sanctuaries.

The significant rise in human population has resulted in an extensive pressure on the natural resources, because of which they are depleting quickly. This makes natural resource management important. You can refer to the MSVGo app/website for further details on this topic, as there are detailed explanations and video illustrations to ensure better understanding.

How do we manage resources?

The simple way of resource management is to utilize them thoughtfully, and switch to the renewable and cleaner alternatives that are non exhaustible in nature. For example, opting for solar energy for electricity instead of coal, using electric vehicles instead of those running on petrol/diesel, and so on.

What are the 4 types of natural resources?

Water, soil, coal, and natural gas are 4 important natural resources.

What is the effective management of resources?

Using the available resources in an efficient manner to avoid them from getting quickly exhausted is the efficient management of natural resources. For example, we need to opt for renewable natural energy sources such as wind, solar and hydro energy, instead of the non-renewable exhaustible sources like coal, and natural gas, which also lead to air pollution.

Are alternative energy resources reliable?

Yes, alternative renewable energy resources like  solar energy, hydro energy, and wind energy can be harnessed to meet our daily needs of power and electricity, and they are reliable because they do not get exhausted even after using them consistently.

This was a brief overview of natural resource management. The environmental problems seem to be numerous, but by adopting safe practices, we can gradually deal with them. Though the national and international organisations are putting efforts towards it, the change must start on our end, and for that, we need to be clear in all the management of natural resources concepts.

You can always refer to the MSVgo app for going through the examples, and sled explanatory visualisations for better understanding the concepts.

High School Physics

  • Alternating Current
  • Atoms
  • Communication Systems
  • Current Electricity
  • Dual nature of Radiation and Matter
  • Electric Charges and Fields
  • Electricity
  • Electromagnetic Induction
  • Electromagnetic Waves
  • Electron Beams and Radioactivity
  • Electrons and Photons
  • Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
  • Fluid Pressure
  • Force and Acceleration
  • Force And Laws Of Motion
  • Gravitation
  • Internal Energy
  • Kinetic Theory
  • Law of motion
  • Light – Reflection And Refraction
  • Magnetic Effects Of Electric Current
  • Magnetism and Matter
  • Management Of Natural Resources
  • Mechanical properties of Fluids
  • Mechanical properties of Solids
  • Motion
  • Motion in a plane
  • Motion in a straight line
  • Moving Charges and Magnetism
  • Nuclear Energy
  • Nuclei
  • Oscillations
  • Our Environment
  • Paths of Heat
  • Physical world
  • Ray optics and optical instruments
  • Semiconductor Devices
  • Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
  • Simple Machines
  • Sound
  • Sources Of Energy
  • Specific and Latent Heats
  • Spherical Mirrors
  • Static Electricity
  • Systems of Particles and Rotational motion
  • Thermal properties of matter
  • Thermodynamics
  • Units and Measurement
  • Vectors, Scalar Quantities and Elementary Calculus
  • Wave Optics
  • Waves
  • Work, Power and Energy

High School Chemistry

  • Acids, Bases and Salts
  • Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  • Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
  • Aliphatic and Aromatic Hydrocarbons
  • Alkyl and Aryl Halides
  • Amines
  • Analytical Chemistry 
  • Atomic Structure
  • Atoms And Molecules
  • Basic concepts of Chemistry
  • Biomolecules
  • Carbon And Its Compounds
  • Carboxylic acids and Acid Derivatives
  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structures
  • Chemical Energetics
  • Chemical Equilibria
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Chemical Reactions And Equations
  • Chemical Reactions and Their Mechanisms
  • Chemistry in Everyday Life
  • Chemistry of p-Block elements
  • Chemistry of Transition and Inner Transition
  • Classification of Elements
  • Coordination Compounds
  • Cyanide, Isocyanide, Nitro compounds and Amines
  • Electrochemistry
  • Electrolysis
  • Elements, Compounds and Mixtures
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Equilibrium
  • Ethers and Carbonyl compounds
  • Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Hydrogen
  • Ideal solutions
  • Introduction to Organic Chemistry
  • Ionic equilibria
  • Matter
  • Matter Around Us
  • Matter In Our Surroundings
  • Metallurgy
  • Metals And Non-Metals
  • Mole Concept and Stoichiometry
  • Natural Resources
  • Organic Chemistry – Basic Principles
  • Periodic Classification of Elements
  • Physical and Chemical Changes
  • Physical and Chemical Properties of Water
  • Polymers
  • Preparation, Properties and Uses of Compounds
  • Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
  • Redox Reactions
  • Relative Molecular Mass and Mole
  • States of Matter
  • Structure Of The Atom
  • Study of Compounds
  • Study of Gas Laws
  • Study of Representative Elements
  • Surface Chemistry
  • The d-block and f-block elements
  • The Gaseous State
  • The p-Block Elements
  • The Periodic Table
  • The s-Block Elements
  • The Solid State
  • Thermodynamics

High School Biology

  • Absorption and Movement of Water in Plants
  • Adolescent Issues
  • Anatomy of Flowering Plants
  • Animal Kingdom
  • Bacteria and Fungi-Friends and Foe
  • Biodiversity and Conservation
  • Biofertilizers
  • Biological Classification
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomolecules
  • Biotechnology and its Applications
  • Biotic Community
  • Body Fluids and Circulation
  • Breathing and Exchange of Gases
  • Cell – Unit of Life
  • Cell Cycle and Cell Division
  • Cell Division and Structure of Chromosomes
  • Cell Reproduction
  • Cellular Respiration
  • Chemical Coordination and Integration
  • Circulation
  • Control And Coordination
  • Crop Improvement
  • Digestion and Absorption
  • Diversity In Living Organisms
  • Ecosystem
  • Environmental Issues
  • Excretory Products and their Elimination
  • Flowering Plants
  • Genes and Chromosomes
  • Health and Diseases
  • Health and Its Significance
  • Heredity And Evolution
  • Heredity and Variation
  • How Do Organisms Reproduce?
  • Human Diseases
  • Human Eye And Colourful World
  • Human Health and Disease
  • Human Population
  • Human Reproduction
  • Hygiene
  • Improvement In Food Resources
  • Integumentary System- Skin
  • Kingdom Fungi
  • Kingdom Monera
  • Kingdom Protista
  • Life Processes
  • Locomotion and Movement
  • Microbes in Human Welfare
  • Mineral Nutrition
  • Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  • Morphology of Flowering Plants
  • Neural Control And Coordination
  • Nutrition in Human Beings
  • Organism and Population
  • Photosynthesis
  • Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
  • Plant Growth and Development
  • Plant Kingdom
  • Pollination and Fertilization
  • Pollution; Sources and its effects
  • Principles of Inheritance and Variation
  • Reproduction and Development in Angiosperms
  • Reproduction in Organisms
  • Reproductive Health
  • Respiration in Human Beings
  • Respiration in Plants
  • Respiratory System
  • Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
  • Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
  • Structural Organisation in Animals
  • Structural Organisation of the Cell
  • The Endocrine System
  • The Fundamental Unit Of Life
  • The Living World
  • The Nervous System and Sense Organs
  • Tissues
  • Transpiration
  • Transport in Plants

High School Math

  • Algebra – Arithmatic Progressions
  • Algebra – Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
  • Algebra – Linear Inequalities
  • Algebra – Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
  • Algebra – Polynomials
  • Algebra – Principle of Mathematical Induction
  • Algebra – Quadratic Equations
  • Binomial Theorem
  • Calculus – Applications of Derivatives
  • Calculus – Applications of the Integrals
  • Calculus – Continuity and Differentiability
  • Calculus – Differential Equations
  • Calculus – Integrals
  • Geometry – Area
  • Geometry – Circles
  • Geometry – Conic Sections
  • Geometry – Constructions
  • Geometry – Introduction to Euclid’s Geometry
  • Geometry – Three-dimensional Geometry
  • Geometry – Lines and Angles
  • Geometry – Quadrilaterals
  • Geometry – Straight Lines
  • Geometry – Triangles
  • Linear Programming
  • Matrices and Determinants
  • Mensuration – Areas
  • Mensuration – Surface Areas and Volumes
  • Number Systems
  • Number Systems – Real Numbers
  • Permutations and Combinations
  • Probability
  • Sequence and Series
  • Sets and Functions
  • Statistics 
  • Trignometry – Height and Distance
  • Trignometry – Identities
  • Trignometry – Introduction

Middle School Science

  • Acids, Bases And Salts
  • Air and Its Constituents
  • Basic Biology
  • Body Movements
  • Carbon and Its Compounds
  • Cell – Structure And Functions
  • Changes Around Us
  • Chemical Effects Of Electric Current
  • Chemistry in Your Life
  • Coal And Petroleum
  • Combustion And Flame
  • Components Of Food
  • Conservation Of Plants And Animals
  • Crop Production And Management
  • Electric Current And Its Effects
  • Electricity And Circuits
  • Elements and Compounds
  • Fibre To Fabric
  • Food production and management
  • Force And Pressure
  • Forests: Our Lifeline
  • Friction
  • Fun With Magnets
  • Garbage In, Garbage Out
  • Getting To Know Plants
  • Health and Hygiene
  • Heat
  • Hydrogen
  • Life Processes: Nutrition in Animals and Plants
  • Light, Shadows And Reflections
  • Materials: Metals And Non-Metals
  • Matter and Its States
  • Metals and Non-metals
  • Micro Organisms: Friend And Foe
  • Motion And Measurement Of Distances
  • Motion And Time
  • Nutrition In Animals
  • Nutrition In Plants
  • Organization in Living Things
  • Our Environment
  • Physical And Chemical Changes
  • Pollution and conservation
  • Pollution Of Air And Water
  • Reaching The Age Of Adolescence
  • Reproduction In Animals
  • Reproduction In Plants
  • Respiration In Organisms
  • Rocks and Minerals
  • Separation Of Substances
  • Simple Machines
  • Soil
  • Some Natural Phenomena
  • Sorting Materials Into Groups
  • Sound
  • Stars And The Solar System
  • Structure of Atom
  • Synthetic Fibers And Plastics
  • The Living Organisms And Their Surroundings
  • Transfer of Heat
  • Transformation of Substances
  • Transportation In Animals And Plants
  • Universe
  • Waste-water Story
  • Water: A Precious Resource
  • Weather, Climate And Adaptations Of Animals To Climate
  • Winds, Storms And Cyclones

Middle School Math

  • Addition
  • Area and Its Boundary
  • Boxes and Sketches
  • Data Handling
  • Fun With Numbers
  • Heavy and Light
  • How Many
  • Long And Short
  • Mapping
  • Measurement
  • Money
  • Multiplication and Factors
  • Multiply and Divide
  • Numbers
  • Parts and Wholes
  • Pattern Recognition
  • Patterns
  • Play With Patterns
  • Rupees And Paise
  • Shapes And Angles
  • Shapes And Designs
  • Shapes and Space
  • Similarity
  • Smart Charts
  • Squares
  • Subtraction
  • Tables And Shares
  • Tenths and Hundredths
  • Time
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