The following Topics and Sub-Topics are covered in this chapter and are available on MSVgo:
There exist three types of movements in plants, and these are:
Definition of Diffusion
The movement of gases, liquids, and solids in plants from the higher concentration region to lower concentration is called diffusion. It is a physical process.
Definition of Osmosis
It is the unique movement of diffusion. It involves the movement of molecules from the higher concentration region to lower concentration through a semipermeable membrane. With the help of osmosis, plants can absorb water and minerals from the soil.
Definition of Active Transport
When plants are in the phase of moving the substances like ions, salts, minerals from the region of their lower concentration to the region of a higher concentration, they utilize the energy to do so. And this energy is utilized in the form of ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate). This process is called active transport.
Minerals are naturally occurring inorganic nutrients. Minerals are essential for the optimum growth of the body. For example, zinc is necessary for the manufacturing of proteins and cell division also.
The plants require nutrients in a very small amount. And these types of nutrients are termed to be microelements or micronutrients. Some of the examples are iron and chlorine.
Nutrients that are required in larger amounts are termed to be macronutrients. Some of these are calcium and potassium.
Stems are the essential parts of the plants that connect leaves to the roots. But not all stems are similar. Some twist while some are like creepers or climbers growing long all in the garden. The vascular system helps make the plant grow and produce fruits or vegetables. The system helps transport minerals, nutrients (food), and water.