The following Topics and Sub-Topics are covered in this chapter and are available on MSVgo:
The entire process of preparation of food undergoes various steps and processes. The process starts with agriculture cultivated crops to the uses of bacteria in the food industry to prepare various food products.
Your surrounding has various kinds of animals and plants which can be used for your consumption. The plants provide us with vegetables, fruits, pulses, grains, nuts, whereas the animals provide us with milk, meat, eggs, chicken, etc.
Using chemicals for yielding a huge amount of vegetables led to giving the output, but it leads to the destruction of crops’ quality. Organic farming has kept a steady pace of productivity of crops for human consumption and has even improved the quality of food products.
There are various kinds of processes through which food production is done for human consumption. Food is obtained in the form of raw materials, and not all of them can be consumed in that state by human beings. There are various kinds of processes involved to convert the raw materials into finished products for consumption:
The period in agriculture when the productivity of crops increased because of new technologies is known as the green revolution. The chemical fertilisers used in agriculture helped to increase the yield of crops drastically. The technologically advanced synthetic fertilisers and pesticides helped in controlling the growth of weeds, killing insects and improving productivity.
Besides the increase in yield of crops because of synthetic fertilisers and pesticides, agriculture under the green revolution has also provided multiple crops on the same land with the same effort. This helped in reducing the production cost and provided an abundant amount of food for consumption.
Growing more food on the same land helped reduce the use of forest or natural land for agriculture. This is clearly stated by the data taken from 1961 to 2008 where the population grew by 100%, and along with that, the food production increased by 150%, but the amount of forest and natural land used for it is increased by a meagre 10%.
Organic farming is a way of farming where ecologically-based pesticides and fertilisers are used to yield crops. The vegetables and fruits cultivated through them are known as organic vegetables and organic fruits. The birth of organic farming took place as conventional farming used too many fertilisers and pesticides, which caused environmental harm as well to human beings.
Organic farming uses fewer amounts of pesticides and fertilisers as compared to conventional farming. It helps in reducing soil erosion and helps to decrease nitrate leaching into groundwater.
The cost of organic products is higher than the products grown from conventional farming, but the products are high in nutrients and less harmful as there are not yielded using harmful chemicals.
The National Centre of Organic farming is a government organisation that promotes and sets guidelines for organic farming. Proper training and the use of materials for the yield of organic crops are done in this institute. The centre is headquartered in Ghaziabad, UP.
With the increase in technology and methods, food production has increased many folds. Nowadays, we get all kinds of vegetables and fruits all year. Using various fertilisers has increased the yield of crops. Using different kinds of yeast and moulds provide people with different food products for consumption. With processes like animal husbandry, various food products are prepared in different animal farms for production.