The following Topics and Sub-Topics are covered in this chapter and are available on MSVgo:
Have you noticed a comb run through one’s dry hair attracts small bits of paper? Why? Does this phenomenon question your brain and the forces acting behind the actions? Then you are at the right space to find the answers.
It can be defined as the amount of work that is required to be done in order to move an electric charge say q from a reference point to a specific point in an electric field without the production of any acceleration.
V = k*charge/distance of separation where,
V = Electric Potential
K = Coulomb constant
Q = Charge
R = Distance of separation
Potential can also be discussed as the difference in potential energy per unit charge between two locations in an electric field.
Any surface having a constant potential is known as Equipotential Surface. The potential difference is determined to be zero between any two points when on an equipotential surface.
Properties of an equipotential surface are as below:
Do you ever wonder why a spring elongates when stretched or springs back up when pressure is exerted on it? This may be caused due to the presence of Kinetic energy used to compress a spring, which is stored as potential energy until released. The potential energy of an object is based on the position, state, and the arrangement in which the object is kept. It can be defined as energy that is stored, or conserved, in an object or substance.
W = mass×acceleration due to gravity×height = mgh where,
This energy has the potential to do work, and when the position, arrangement, or state of the object is changed, the stored energy is released. There are two different types of potential energy:
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