In a gaseous state, the molecules have enough kinetic energy that the effect of intermolecular forces is negligible (or zero in the perfect gas). The usual gap between neighbouring molecules is far larger than the molecular dimension. The gas has no unique shape or weight, but it completely fills the bottle in which it is stored.
The above three states of matter can be converted from one form to another by adjusting temperature and pressure conditions. The composition of matter also determines the essence of the matter. If the matter consists of more than one type of particles, it is considered a combination, while if it consists of a single type of particles, it is known as a pure material. Mixtures are often known as homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures. Pure substances are also subdivided into elements and compounds.
The essence of the matter appears to be a large topic of study, and recent advances have exposed other states of the matter. Boson-Einstein condensate and plasma are the two other states of matter that have recently been identified.