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Chapter 14 – Natural Resources

The following Topics and Sub-Topics are covered in this chapter and are available on MSVgo:


When human populations keep increasing, demand for nearly all natural resources goes up. It also results in the misuse of natural resources. To make this worse, renewable sources such as agricultural land, marine reefs, freshwater, and fossil fuels drop rapidly to support population growth. This places added stress on the life-giving infrastructure and leads to an unimaginable deterioration in the quality of life. 

According to the UNEP’s Global Outlook on the environment, human use of nonrenewable energy is expected to greatly deplete natural resources for potential generations in the immediate future. Constant population growth leads to increased demands for natural resources such as food, wood, electrical appliances, gasoline, clothing, natural gas, and so on.

Natural resources are the sources from which society obtains many of its common needs for daily life, such as food, fuel, water and air. 

Natural resources are resources that occur independently of human activities and are the assets that are contained in the ecosystem and are created and enhanced without human interaction. Few examples are air, sunshine, water, flora, fauna, birds, and fossil fuels. 

Natural resources are those materials that are usable by mankind in any way (technological, economic, or biological), or derived from those resources (food, buildings, and clothing), as well as non-useful minerals, fuels, fertilizers, metals, water, and geothermal energy. Natural resources became the domain of the natural sciences for a long time.

  • Renewable Natural Resources 

Renewable resources are those that are still accessible, no matter if they are used. After use, they can be reasonably restored or substituted. Vegetation, water, and air are examples. Livestock is also a renewable resource, and they can be reared and raised to create embryos to replace older animals. 

And if these resources are sustainable, replacing them may take tens to hundreds of years. Organic renewable resources are those that come from living objects such as livestock and plants, while inorganic renewable resources are those that come from nonliving things such as the sun, water and wind. 


  • Non-Renewable Natural Resources

Nonrenewable resources are those that can’t be easily replaced or reclaimed after they’ve been used or lost. Minerals and fossil fuels are examples of those natural resources. Minerals are classified as nonrenewable since, although they grow spontaneously via the rock cycle, they require thousands of years to form. Since they are on the brink of extinction, certain organisms, often endangered ones, are classified as nonrenewable. 

It highlights the many factors why threatened species must be preserved at all costs. Nonrenewable resources, such as fossil fuels, are classified as organic, while nonrenewable resources, such as rocks and dust are classified as inorganic.

  • Intensive Farming and Agricultural Practices 

Since farmers turn forests and grasslands into croplands, intensive farming activities have taken up a lot of natural resource space for Soil Formation And Erosion. The demand to turn land into resource areas for processing high-priced commodities, grains, and livestock has led to a depreciation of natural resources, especially trees, wildlife, and productive lands, in the modern world. Agricultural waste, fertilizers, and chemicals have also been shown to cause water and its pollution in coastal ecosystems, posing a threat to various native crop species, clean water resources, and aquatic life.

  • Global Warming and Climate Change 

The extreme shifts in climate trends caused by human activity and overpopulation, which produce GreenHouse Effect and a carbon footprint in the environment, pose a danger to biodiversity and other natural resources. If climate change and global warming shift the favourable survival conditions, species that have acclimatized to unique ecosystems are particularly vulnerable. 

Climate change and global warming have had a significant impact on ecosystem destruction, putting wildlife and species sustainability in jeopardy. Because of global change, the biodiversity that needs cool temperatures at high elevations, such as the rock bunny and mountain gorillas, can soon run out of space.

  • Pollution of the Environment 

The bulk of natural resources have been depleted, and a considerable number of the remaining resources are in grave danger as a result of hazardous contaminants and chemicals released by factories, home services, food goods, and other processed materials. Pollution of land, air, and water have long-term consequences for environmental resources and the nature of the ecosystems in which they exist, including the ozone layer and its depletion

Since contamination renders it difficult for biotic and abiotic elements to survive, severely contaminated natural resources have lost their importance. Pollution has an impact on the chemical makeup of lands, soils, ocean water, underground water, and minerals, as well as other natural processes. An acidic lake, for example, is incapable of supporting marine life.

The ways in which an element/compound moves between various living and nonliving forms in the biosphere is called a biogeochemical cycle. Biogeochemical cycles important to living organisms include the water, carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur cycles.

In this chapter, we learned about the basics of natural resources. We were taught about the types of natural resources and some cycles like Biogeochemical Cycles that have led to the depletion of natural resources. 

1. What are the 10 natural resources? 

Ten natural resources are:

  • Water
  • Air
  • Coal
  • Oil 
  • Natural Gas
  • Phosphorus
  • Bauxite
  • Copper
  • Helium
  • Iron

2. What are the natural resources examples? 

Oil, coal, natural gas, metals, stone, and sand are examples of natural resources. 

3. What are the 4 types of natural resources? 

Renewable, living, nonrenewable, and fossil fuels are the four natural resources. They are vital to our survival and life.

4. What are the 5 most important natural resources? 

The five most important natural resources are

  • Air
  • Water 
  • Soil 
  • Iron 
  • Forests

5. Which plant is not a natural resource?

The hydrochloric plant is not a natural resources plant.

To learn more about Natural Resources through simple, interactive, and explanatory visualizations, download the MSVgo app.

High School Physics

  • Alternating Current
  • Atoms
  • Communication Systems
  • Current Electricity
  • Dual nature of Radiation and Matter
  • Electric Charges and Fields
  • Electricity
  • Electromagnetic Induction
  • Electromagnetic Waves
  • Electron Beams and Radioactivity
  • Electrons and Photons
  • Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
  • Fluid Pressure
  • Force and Acceleration
  • Force And Laws Of Motion
  • Gravitation
  • Internal Energy
  • Kinetic Theory
  • Law of motion
  • Light – Reflection And Refraction
  • Magnetic Effects Of Electric Current
  • Magnetism and Matter
  • Management Of Natural Resources
  • Mechanical properties of Fluids
  • Mechanical properties of Solids
  • Motion
  • Motion in a plane
  • Motion in a straight line
  • Moving Charges and Magnetism
  • Nuclear Energy
  • Nuclei
  • Oscillations
  • Our Environment
  • Paths of Heat
  • Physical world
  • Ray optics and optical instruments
  • Semiconductor Devices
  • Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
  • Simple Machines
  • Sound
  • Sources Of Energy
  • Specific and Latent Heats
  • Spherical Mirrors
  • Static Electricity
  • Systems of Particles and Rotational motion
  • Thermal properties of matter
  • Thermodynamics
  • Units and Measurement
  • Vectors, Scalar Quantities and Elementary Calculus
  • Wave Optics
  • Waves
  • Work, Power and Energy

High School Chemistry

  • Acids, Bases and Salts
  • Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  • Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
  • Aliphatic and Aromatic Hydrocarbons
  • Alkyl and Aryl Halides
  • Amines
  • Analytical Chemistry 
  • Atomic Structure
  • Atoms And Molecules
  • Basic concepts of Chemistry
  • Biomolecules
  • Carbon And Its Compounds
  • Carboxylic acids and Acid Derivatives
  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structures
  • Chemical Energetics
  • Chemical Equilibria
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Chemical Reactions And Equations
  • Chemical Reactions and Their Mechanisms
  • Chemistry in Everyday Life
  • Chemistry of p-Block elements
  • Chemistry of Transition and Inner Transition
  • Classification of Elements
  • Coordination Compounds
  • Cyanide, Isocyanide, Nitro compounds and Amines
  • Electrochemistry
  • Electrolysis
  • Elements, Compounds and Mixtures
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Equilibrium
  • Ethers and Carbonyl compounds
  • Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Hydrogen
  • Ideal solutions
  • Introduction to Organic Chemistry
  • Ionic equilibria
  • Matter
  • Matter Around Us
  • Matter In Our Surroundings
  • Metallurgy
  • Metals And Non-Metals
  • Mole Concept and Stoichiometry
  • Natural Resources
  • Organic Chemistry – Basic Principles
  • Periodic Classification of Elements
  • Physical and Chemical Changes
  • Physical and Chemical Properties of Water
  • Polymers
  • Preparation, Properties and Uses of Compounds
  • Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
  • Redox Reactions
  • Relative Molecular Mass and Mole
  • States of Matter
  • Structure Of The Atom
  • Study of Compounds
  • Study of Gas Laws
  • Study of Representative Elements
  • Surface Chemistry
  • The d-block and f-block elements
  • The Gaseous State
  • The p-Block Elements
  • The Periodic Table
  • The s-Block Elements
  • The Solid State
  • Thermodynamics

High School Biology

  • Absorption and Movement of Water in Plants
  • Adolescent Issues
  • Anatomy of Flowering Plants
  • Animal Kingdom
  • Bacteria and Fungi-Friends and Foe
  • Biodiversity and Conservation
  • Biofertilizers
  • Biological Classification
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomolecules
  • Biotechnology and its Applications
  • Biotic Community
  • Body Fluids and Circulation
  • Breathing and Exchange of Gases
  • Cell – Unit of Life
  • Cell Cycle and Cell Division
  • Cell Division and Structure of Chromosomes
  • Cell Reproduction
  • Cellular Respiration
  • Chemical Coordination and Integration
  • Circulation
  • Control And Coordination
  • Crop Improvement
  • Digestion and Absorption
  • Diversity In Living Organisms
  • Ecosystem
  • Environmental Issues
  • Excretory Products and their Elimination
  • Flowering Plants
  • Genes and Chromosomes
  • Health and Diseases
  • Health and Its Significance
  • Heredity And Evolution
  • Heredity and Variation
  • How Do Organisms Reproduce?
  • Human Diseases
  • Human Eye And Colourful World
  • Human Health and Disease
  • Human Population
  • Human Reproduction
  • Hygiene
  • Improvement In Food Resources
  • Integumentary System- Skin
  • Kingdom Fungi
  • Kingdom Monera
  • Kingdom Protista
  • Life Processes
  • Locomotion and Movement
  • Microbes in Human Welfare
  • Mineral Nutrition
  • Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  • Morphology of Flowering Plants
  • Neural Control And Coordination
  • Nutrition in Human Beings
  • Organism and Population
  • Photosynthesis
  • Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
  • Plant Growth and Development
  • Plant Kingdom
  • Pollination and Fertilization
  • Pollution; Sources and its effects
  • Principles of Inheritance and Variation
  • Reproduction and Development in Angiosperms
  • Reproduction in Organisms
  • Reproductive Health
  • Respiration in Human Beings
  • Respiration in Plants
  • Respiratory System
  • Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
  • Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
  • Structural Organisation in Animals
  • Structural Organisation of the Cell
  • The Endocrine System
  • The Fundamental Unit Of Life
  • The Living World
  • The Nervous System and Sense Organs
  • Tissues
  • Transpiration
  • Transport in Plants

High School Math

  • Algebra – Arithmatic Progressions
  • Algebra – Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
  • Algebra – Linear Inequalities
  • Algebra – Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
  • Algebra – Polynomials
  • Algebra – Principle of Mathematical Induction
  • Algebra – Quadratic Equations
  • Binomial Theorem
  • Calculus – Applications of Derivatives
  • Calculus – Applications of the Integrals
  • Calculus – Continuity and Differentiability
  • Calculus – Differential Equations
  • Calculus – Integrals
  • Geometry – Area
  • Geometry – Circles
  • Geometry – Conic Sections
  • Geometry – Constructions
  • Geometry – Introduction to Euclid’s Geometry
  • Geometry – Three-dimensional Geometry
  • Geometry – Lines and Angles
  • Geometry – Quadrilaterals
  • Geometry – Straight Lines
  • Geometry – Triangles
  • Linear Programming
  • Matrices and Determinants
  • Mensuration – Areas
  • Mensuration – Surface Areas and Volumes
  • Number Systems
  • Number Systems – Real Numbers
  • Permutations and Combinations
  • Probability
  • Sequence and Series
  • Sets and Functions
  • Statistics 
  • Trignometry – Height and Distance
  • Trignometry – Identities
  • Trignometry – Introduction

Middle School Science

  • Acids, Bases And Salts
  • Air and Its Constituents
  • Basic Biology
  • Body Movements
  • Carbon and Its Compounds
  • Cell – Structure And Functions
  • Changes Around Us
  • Chemical Effects Of Electric Current
  • Chemistry in Your Life
  • Coal And Petroleum
  • Combustion And Flame
  • Components Of Food
  • Conservation Of Plants And Animals
  • Crop Production And Management
  • Electric Current And Its Effects
  • Electricity And Circuits
  • Elements and Compounds
  • Fibre To Fabric
  • Food production and management
  • Force And Pressure
  • Forests: Our Lifeline
  • Friction
  • Fun With Magnets
  • Garbage In, Garbage Out
  • Getting To Know Plants
  • Health and Hygiene
  • Heat
  • Hydrogen
  • Life Processes: Nutrition in Animals and Plants
  • Light, Shadows And Reflections
  • Materials: Metals And Non-Metals
  • Matter and Its States
  • Metals and Non-metals
  • Micro Organisms: Friend And Foe
  • Motion And Measurement Of Distances
  • Motion And Time
  • Nutrition In Animals
  • Nutrition In Plants
  • Organization in Living Things
  • Our Environment
  • Physical And Chemical Changes
  • Pollution and conservation
  • Pollution Of Air And Water
  • Reaching The Age Of Adolescence
  • Reproduction In Animals
  • Reproduction In Plants
  • Respiration In Organisms
  • Rocks and Minerals
  • Separation Of Substances
  • Simple Machines
  • Soil
  • Some Natural Phenomena
  • Sorting Materials Into Groups
  • Sound
  • Stars And The Solar System
  • Structure of Atom
  • Synthetic Fibers And Plastics
  • The Living Organisms And Their Surroundings
  • Transfer of Heat
  • Transformation of Substances
  • Transportation In Animals And Plants
  • Universe
  • Waste-water Story
  • Water: A Precious Resource
  • Weather, Climate And Adaptations Of Animals To Climate
  • Winds, Storms And Cyclones

Middle School Math

  • Addition
  • Area and Its Boundary
  • Boxes and Sketches
  • Data Handling
  • Fun With Numbers
  • Heavy and Light
  • How Many
  • Long And Short
  • Mapping
  • Measurement
  • Money
  • Multiplication and Factors
  • Multiply and Divide
  • Numbers
  • Parts and Wholes
  • Pattern Recognition
  • Patterns
  • Play With Patterns
  • Rupees And Paise
  • Shapes And Angles
  • Shapes And Designs
  • Shapes and Space
  • Similarity
  • Smart Charts
  • Squares
  • Subtraction
  • Tables And Shares
  • Tenths and Hundredths
  • Time
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