The following Topics and Sub-Topics are covered in this chapter and are available on MSVgo:
Matteris described as something that has mass and occupies space. Did you know everything around you is matter? From your favourite juice to the bed you love sleeping on all day. A matter consists of millions of tiny particles. To the human eye, these particles are undetectable. There are many states, also known as phases, in which matter may occur. Solid, liquid, and gas are the three most popular states. Let us learn more about Matter in detail!
A state of matter is one of the many forms that various states of matter may take. In daily life, four phases of matter are visible: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma.
When matter travels from one state to another, adding or withdrawing energy creates a physical transition. When you apply heat energy to freshwater, it turns into steam or vapour. When you take the energy out of liquid water, it turns into ice (a solid). Motion and pressure may also induce physical changes.
In this chapter, we learned about the basics of matter. We studied the different states of matter and how matter undergoes a phase change in accordance with temperature and pressure. We can further use this knowledge and study the Kinetic theory of matter.