The following Topics and Sub-Topics are covered in this chapter and are available on MSVgo:
Organic Compounds refer to a chemical containing carbon. But there are simple oxides of carbon like – carbonates and carbides, which contain carbon and fall into the category of inorganic compounds.
Homologous series refers to the family of carbon compounds, which involves –
Hydrocarbons contain both hydrogen and carbon. Hydrocarbons are majorly divided into two categories –
Alkanes belong to the family of organic compounds that contain single-bonded hydrogen and carbon atoms. The simplest formula of alkanes is CnH2n+2.
Alkanes can further be subdivided into three groups –
Alkenes are a form of hydrocarbons that contains a minimum of carbon to carbon bond. Alkenes are often called olefins. Alkenes are highly reactive as alkanes, and this is because of the presence of double bonds in them.
Alkenes have a wide variety of applications –
Alkynes fall into the category of unsaturated hydrocarbon. The alkynes contain a minimum of one triple bond between the carbon atoms. There are majorly two types of alkynes – Terminal alkynes and Internal alkynes. One of the unique factors in the structure of alkyne is its hybridisation. The physical properties of alkynes are very similar to alkenes. The general molecular formula of an alkyne is CnH2n-2.
What is alcohol?
Alcohol falls into the category of organic compounds that contains a hydroxyl group. We can divide Alcohol molecules into two major parts – the alkyl group and the hydroxyl group. Alcohols have a sweet odour, but their physical and chemical properties are distinct.
We can majorly classify alcohol as –
Isomerism refers to multiple compounds that have the same chemical formula but different chemical structures. Some chemical compounds have the same chemical formula but different chemical properties and the arrangement of atoms. Such chemical compounds are called isomers.
There are two major types of isomers – structural isomerism and stereoisomerism.
Structural Isomerism – This is also referred to as constitutional isomerism. In this isomer, the functional group, as well as atoms, are arranged differently. Structural isomerism can further be divided into:
a. chain isomerism
Stereoisomerism – This isomerism has the same chemical formula but different atoms orientation molecules seen in three-dimensional spaces. They also have two major classes – geometric isomerism, optical isomerism.
Organic Chemistry is an exciting chapter. This chapter talks about the molecules and it’s structures, compositions, organic compounds and much more. This chapter also talks about the hydrogen and carbon compounds and the presence of the same. Organic chemistry is the backbone of advanced chemistry, and thus it’s essential to understand this chapter in brief.