The following Topics and Sub-Topics are covered in this chapter and are available on MSVgo:
Some of the tools that are used in the construction of geometrical shapes are given below.
How to construct line segments?
A line segment is a fixed-line with two defined endpoints. To draw a line segment, you need a ruler and a pencil. Measure the ruler for the asked length and draw the line.
How to construct circles?
Circles can be constructed using a compass. First, measure the desired length of the radius using the compass. Then, put the needle end on the paper and rotate the pencil around the needle with the fixed angle.
How to construct the perpendiculars?
Perpendiculars can be constructed using a ruler and set-square or a compass. Let’s check the construction process using the ruler and set square. You need to draw a line using the ruler. Then, by using a set square, set one adjacent side of 90 degrees to that line. Now, mark the point at which you want to draw the parallel line. Similarly, mark three points by moving the ruler to left or right on the line. Now, join these three points and extend them to form parallel lines.
How to construct a bisector of the line segment?
You need a compass to construct the bisector of the given line segment. Take the compass and put one hand on the one end of the line segment and make an arch on both the sides of the line segment. Then, placing the compass needle on the other end of the line segment makes another arc on both sides of the line segment where it cuts the previous arcs. Now, join both the intersection points of the two arcs on the two sides of the line segment to get the perpendicular bisector of the line segment.
Geometry is a branch of mathematics that deals with different shapes and figures. You must have observed the different geometric shapes present around us. There are various tools and techniques used to construct the complex geometrical shapes around us that are being used in different industries in different forms.